The shoulder is joint complext with 4 very important muscles originating on the scapula and passing around the shoulder where the tendons fuse together to form the rotator cuff. Ligaments connect the bones of the shoulder and join the bones to the surrounding muscle. The components of the shoulder along with the muscles of the upper body, work together to maintain the balance between mobility and stability.
This is a common condition for active individuals, which can be caused by repetitive motion, overuse, or something as simple as years of poor posture.
Shoulder bursitis or rotator cuff tendonitis is related with the impingement syndrome (when any structure in our body become imbalanced), which occurs when the rotator cuff, which connects the surrounding bone, is injured and swells causing pressure on the bone. The capillaries, small blood vessels, experience a loss of blood flow due to compression and the tendons become inflamed and sore. The patients first notice pain in either the front or outside of their shoulder or upper arm. This can cause difficulty sleeping on the affected side and difficulty reaching, whether behind the back, over the head, or out to the side. Some patients present with just a feeling of decreased strength in the arm.
More commonly known as “Frozen Shoulder”, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint. Signs and symptoms usually begin gradually, get worse over time if you don´t seek help from a therapist / professional. Looking for a physical therapist will help you maintain as much range of motion as possible and will help reduce the pain. The most common cause is a shoulder injury that causes excessive pain and inflammation. If these symptoms maintains and the patient limits the movement with the shoulder, the scar tissue may form in the shoulder capsule. The tissue or adhesion of the scar limits the elasticity of the joint, thus decreasing the ability to lift the arm. This can happen very fast, sometimes two weeks without movement can lead to a frozen shoulder.